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Grantmaking 101: challenge grants

A challenge grant is a type of funding opportunity in which a grantmaker provides funds on the condition that the recipient organisation secures additional funding from other sources within a specified time frame. It essentially “challenges” the recipient to raise a certain amount of money from other donors or funding sources to match or exceed the grant amount provided by the grantmaker.

Challenge grants are often used by philanthropic foundations, government agencies, and other grantmaking organisations to incentivise collaboration, leverage additional resources, and maximise the impact of their funding. They encourage recipient organisations to engage in fundraising efforts, expand their donor base, and demonstrate community support for their projects or initiatives.

The terms and conditions of challenge grants can vary widely, including the matching ratio (e.g., 1:1, 2:1), the duration of the fundraising period, eligible sources of matching funds, and reporting requirements. Successfully meeting the challenge grant requirements typically results in the recipient organisation receiving the full grant amount awarded by the grantmaker.

Challenge grants offer advantages and disadvantages for both grantmakers and grant recipients.


  • Leveraging additional funds: One of the primary benefits of challenge grants is their ability to leverage additional funds. By requiring recipients to secure matching funds from other sources, challenge grants can effectively multiply the impact of a grantmaker’s investment.
  • Encouraging collaboration: Challenge grants incentivise collaboration and partnership-building among organisations. Recipients often seek out partnerships with other nonprofits, businesses, and community members to meet the matching requirement, fostering a sense of collective responsibility and shared goals.
  • Promoting sustainability: The requirement to secure matching funds encourages organisations to diversify their funding sources and develop sustainable fundraising strategies. This can help reduce dependency on a single funder and increase financial stability in the long term.
  • Demonstrating community support: Successfully meeting a challenge grant requirement demonstrates strong community support for the recipient organisation and its initiatives. It serves as evidence of the organisation’s credibility, effectiveness, and ability to mobilise resources.


  • Fundraising burden: Securing matching funds can be challenging and time-consuming for grant recipients, especially smaller organisations with limited fundraising capacity. The pressure to meet the matching requirement may divert time and resources away from their key objectives.
  • Risk of failure: If a recipient organisation fails to meet the matching requirement within the specified timeframe, it may forfeit the grant funding altogether. This risk can be particularly detrimental for organizations already facing financial difficulties or operating in competitive funding environments.
  • Potential for donor fatigue: Constantly soliciting donations to meet matching requirements may lead to donor fatigue, as supporters may feel overwhelmed or disillusioned by the organisation’s fundraising appeals.
  • Administrative complexity: Managing the logistics of a challenge grant, including tracking matching funds, reporting requirements, and compliance, can add administrative burden and complexity for both grantmakers and recipients.

Challenge grants are poised to remain a valuable tool for incentivising collaboration and maximising the impact of philanthropic investments. As organisations continue to seek innovative approaches to address complex societal challenges, challenge grants will play a key role in leveraging additional resources and promoting sustainable solutions. However, addressing issues such as fundraising burdens, donor fatigue, and administrative complexities will be essential to ensure the continued effectiveness and scalability of challenge grant initiatives.

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